Prepared by the Career Planning staff of Career Services at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (2005) UTK is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section 504/ADA /ADEA Employer.
Social Services: Areas & Employers
Areas – Social Services
- Juvenile Justice
- Probation & Parole
- Victim Advocacy
- State and federal correction facilities
- County jails
- Precinct station houses
- Prison camps
- Youth correction facilities
- Medium-security correction facilities
- Voluntary correction facilities
- Halfway houses and pre-release programs
- Reintegration programs
- Alternative schools
- Juvenile detention centers
- Juvenile group homes
- Women’s and family shelters
- Domestic violence agencies
- Immigration and naturalization services
- Other nonprofit organizations
Social Services: Strategies
Seek courses or training in topics such as victimology, social problems, diversity issues or grieving. Supplement curriculum with courses in psychology, sociology or social work. Gain experience working with a juvenile population in any capacity (i.e., sports teams, summer camp counselor, parks and recreation programs, and community/religious youth groups). Gain related experience in employment interviewing, social casework, substance abuse and rehabilitation.
Learn to work well with people of diverse backgrounds. Consider learning a second language. Maintain a blemish-free driving and criminal record. Gain firearms and self-defense training. Earn a master’s degree in social work or counseling for therapy positions. Obtain a masters degree in criminal justice or business for upper-level positions in facilities management or administration.
Judiciary and Law: Areas & Employers
Areas – Judiciary and Law
- Court Reporting
- Legal Assistance
- Legal Research
- Local, state and federal courts
- Law firms
- Corporate legal departments
- Public interest law organizations
Judiciary and Law: Strategies
Consider a double major or minor in the social sciences such as psychology, anthropology, sociology or political science. Attend a postsecondary vocational or technical college that offers court reporting or paralegal certification programs.
Obtain a law degree from a law school accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA). Learn to use software packages such as CD-ROM research databases. Develop strong research, computer and writing skills. Maintain a high grade point average to gain admittance to law school. Participate in mock trial groups.
Law Enforcement: Areas & Employers
Areas – Law Enforcement
- City/County Government Organizations including: Police departments, Correction facilities, County sheriff departments, Liquor Control Commission
- State Government Organizations including: State troopers, Crime labs, Penitentiaries
- Federal Government Organizations including: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Department of Homeland Security, Postal Service, Federal Marshals, Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Parks Service
- Crime laboratories
- Colleges and universities
Law Enforcement: Strategies
Obtain related training or certifications such as CPR, first aid, or EMT. Complete a formal police academy program upon graduation. Maintain a healthy and physically fit lifestyle. Volunteer to work in a police department or campus safety department. Complete an internship in a crime laboratory to gain experience in the forensic application of science. Obtain a double major in criminal justice and a hard science (biology, chemistry, or biochemistry) if interested in a career in forensics. Consider earning a master’s degree in Forensic Science or related discipline. Become familiar with the government application process. Learn a second language.
Business: Areas & Employers
Areas – Business
- Private Security
- Systems Integration
- Global Intelligence
- Private Investigation
- Internet Security
- Loss and Prevention
- Insurance companies
- Private security companies
- Software companies
- Hotels and resorts
- Health care facilities
- Transportation services
- Nuclear power plants
- Online companies
- Other large corporations
Minor in business or computer science. Seek practicum/internship experiences that include training in the hardware and software of security systems. Maintain good physical fitness. Develop exceptional written and oral communication skills.
Seek leadership opportunities and develop strong interpersonal skills. Attend firearm safety courses. Obtain first aid and CPR certification. Gain military experience and training. Earn a graduate degree in business or law for upper-level positions.
Education: Areas & Employers
Areas – Education
- Colleges and universities
- Adult education providers
- Public and private high schools
Earn a graduate degree for post-secondary teaching opportunities. Get a teaching certificate for elementary or secondary education. Gain a dual certification for increased opportunities. Serve as a tutor to other students.
Develop strong written and oral communication skills. Assist a professor with research. Take additional coursework related to research and statistics.