Prepared by the Career Planning staff of Career Services at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (2005) UTK is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section 504/ADA /ADEA Employer.
K-12: Areas & Employers
Areas – K-12
- Teaching: Pre-school , Elementary, Middle, Secondary
- Administration: Principalship, Superintendency
- Special Services: Guidance Counseling, School Psychology, School Social Work, Occupational and Physical Therapy, Audiology and Speech Pathology, Library/Information Services, Special Education, Curriculum Supervision, Subject Area Supervision
- Elementary, middle and secondary schools: public, private, Montessori, etc.
- Day care centers and nursery schools
- Boards of Education
Complete a college level teacher preparation program. Obtain teaching certificate/license for desired subject area and/or grade level. Requirements for certification/licensure vary by state. Obtain dual certification for better employability. Private schools may not require certification or licensure. Obtain master’s degree in subject area for increased employability. Get involved in student teacher organizations. Acquire teaching experience. Obtain Ph.D. and certificate in school administration. Graduate study required for “special service” fields. Obtain master’s degree in area to become specialist. Requirements for certification and/or accreditation vary by state.
Higher Education: Areas & Employers
Areas – Higher Education
- Student Affairs
- Information/Library Services
- Four-year colleges and universities
- Two-year and community colleges
- Technical schools
- Medical and professional schools
Higher Education: Strategies
Earn Ph.D. to teach and research at four-year institutions. Master’s or Ph.D. degree is required to teach at two-year schools. Earn a Ph.D. in higher education administration for upper level positions in university administration. Earn master’s in student personnel, student development or counseling for student affairs positions. Obtain master’s in library/information sciences. Gain related experience through student positions such as Resident Assistants, Orientation Leaders, etc. Seek leadership roles in campus organizations.
Adult and Continuing Education: Areas & Employers
Areas – Adult and Continuing Education
- Inservice Education
- Staff Development
- Professional Development
- Leisure-oriented Education
- GED Preparation
- Literacy Development
- English as a Second Language
- K-12 school systems
- Boards of Education
- Colleges and universities
- Two-year and technical schools
- Community organizations: YMCA, Red Cross, etc.
- Correctional institutions
- Professional associations
- Nursing homes/Adult day care
- Vocational services
Adult and Continuing Education: Strategies
Attain a master’s or Ph.D. degree in adult education or a graduate degree in a subject or specialized area. Gain a reputation of expertise and experience in a subject, profession, art, craft or trade. Obtain teaching or instructional experience. May need certification or accreditation.
Business and Industry: Areas & Employers
Areas – Business and Industry
- Training and Development
- Human Resources
- Customer Service
- Publishing and Technical Writing
- Public and private corporations
- Consulting firms
- Marketing companies
- Publishers: Textbook, newspaper, magazine, book
- Test-preparation companies
- Software companies
- Staffing agencies
Business and Industry: Strategies
Take some general business and computer courses. Earn a graduate degree in human resource development. Gain experience in organizational development or marketing. Become current with business and industry literature and news.
Learn desktop publishing and other software packages.
Government: Areas & Employers
Areas – Government
- Research and Writing
- Social Work
Federal government agencies: Department of Education, Department of Defense, Overseas schools for military dependents, Department of Labor, Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Health and Human Services, Library of Congress, National Archives, National Science Foundation, National Endowment for the Arts, National Endowment for the Humanities, Peace Corps, Social service agencies, Vista, State and local government.
Learn federal, state and local job application procedures. Gain experience and an advanced, typically Ph.D, degree for top positions in government.
Non-Profit: Areas & Employers
Areas – Non-Profit
- Teaching or Training
- Public Relations
- Adoption agencies
- United Way agencies
- Group homes
- Mental health clinics
- Community recreation centers
- Other public or private social service organizations
Gain experience through volunteer work or internships. Develop writing and public speaking skills. Learn to work with people of different ages and backgrounds. Add additional coursework in area of interest such as human services, counseling or psychology. Consider certification in special education for greater employability.